Consuming a high sodium, low potassium diet could increase the risk of cognitive decline

Consuming a high sodium, low potassium diet could increase the risk of cognitive decline

Consuming a high sodium, low potassium diet can increase the risk of cognitive decline

Affiliation of common sodium, potassium, sodium/potassium and salt consumption, and self-reported reminiscence. Mannequin 1 is adjusted for age, intercourse, location of residence, space of residence, academic degree, working standing, marital standing, bodily exercise ranges, and smoking and ingesting habits. Mannequin 2 is adjusted for power, carbohydrate, protein and fats consumption (moreover adjusted potassium consumption for the mannequin of sodium and sodium consumption for the mannequin of potassium) based mostly on Mannequin 1. Mannequin Three is adjusted for BMI, sleep time, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular illnesses, and cognition take a look at scores at baseline based mostly on Mannequin 2. Abbreviations: Q1-This autumn, quartile 1-quartile 4; OR, odds ratios; CI, confidence interval; and BMI, physique mass index. Orange squares denote important affiliation (P < 0.05). Credit score: Xiaona Na

Dementia impairs victims’ means to recollect, suppose and make choices to the purpose the place their on a regular basis actions are affected. The situation has turn into one of many main causes of demise and incapacity among the many aged globally. As China isn’t solely dwelling to the most important aged inhabitants, but additionally one of many quickest getting older, dementia poses nice financial, well being and social challenges for the nation.

Dementia is irreversible and there’s a lack of efficient therapies out there, which makes prevention and early detection of age-related cognitive operate important. Analysis has discovered that a number of life-style decisions are linked to cognitive operate; for instance, bodily exercise, food plan and sleep. Nevertheless, the results of dietary sodium and potassium on cognitive operate haven’t been explored intimately.

In a potential examine printed in World Transitions, a gaggle of researchers from China appeared on the affect of dietary sodium, potassium, sodium to potassium ratio, and salt on the cognitive operate of a gaggle of aged individuals in China. Members numbered 4,213 and have been aged at the least 50 years at baseline. Outcomes are based mostly on cognitive checks and members’ self-reporting.

The analysis workforce discovered {that a} excessive consumption of sodium (> 5593.2 mg/day) and a excessive sodium to potassium ratio (> 3.8/day) elevated the danger of reminiscence impairment within the aged. Conversely, larger ranges of potassium consumption (> 1653.Three mg/day) have been related to the next cognitive rating; the typical cognitive take a look at rating (13.44 at baseline, whole rating was 27.00) elevated by ~1 level when 1000 mg/day of sodium was changed with an equal consumption of potassium.

As well as, the researchers constructed on earlier research by demonstrating that the results of dietary sodium, sodium to potassium ratio, and potassium on cognitive operate have the potential to be mediated by cardiovascular and cerebrovascular illness (CCVD), whereas the hyperlink between salt and cognitive operate may be mediated by sleep.

Though China has tried to limit salt and sodium in individuals’s diets for over a decade, the inhabitants’s consumption stays alarmingly excessive, outstripping many different international locations and the World Well being Group’s advice of a most of 1400 mg/day of sodium for individuals aged 50—79 years and 5 g/day of salt. This excessive salt consumption is usually accompanied by inadequate consumption of potassium (1499.Zero mg/day on this examine vs. the Chinese language really helpful degree of 3600 mg/day).

The examine’s outcomes additionally affirm earlier findings that dietary sodium to potassium ratio may present a greater measure of how these components affect cognitive operate, than taking a look at separate sodium or potassium values.

Corresponding creator, Ai Zhao, provides, “Based mostly on our findings, it’s affordable to counsel that lowering sodium consumption, and correctly rising potassium consumption, is helpful to cognitive operate. Given our outcomes, and the dietary scenario of the Chinese language, will probably be vital for future research to concentrate on figuring out the optimum ratio of dietary sodium and potassium within the aged. As well as, the event of methods to enhance the sodium to potassium ratio in Chinese language diets needs to be a precedence.”

Extra data:
Xiaona Na et al, Affiliation of dietary sodium, potassium, sodium/potassium, and salt with goal and subjective cognitive operate among the many aged in China: A potential cohort examine, World Transitions (2022). DOI: 10.1016/j.glt.2022.10.002

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Consuming a excessive sodium, low potassium food plan may enhance the danger of cognitive decline (2022, November 29)
retrieved 29 November 2022
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