Study finds that risk of severe asthma attacks doubled in UK after COVID-19 restrictions were lifted

Study finds that risk of severe asthma attacks doubled in UK after COVID-19 restrictions were lifted

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Adults with bronchial asthma had, at one level, an roughly doubled danger of a extreme bronchial asthma assault after COVID-19 restrictions had been relaxed within the UK, in line with new analysis from Queen Mary College of London.

Episodes of progressive worsening of bronchial asthma signs, termed exacerbations or bronchial asthma assaults, are the key explanation for sickness and loss of life on this situation. Bronchial asthma impacts greater than 5 million individuals within the UK and greater than 300 million globally. Signs embody breathlessness and chest tightness in addition to wheezing and coughing.

Printed in Thorax and offered at as we speak’s British Thoracic Society assembly, the analysis discovered an elevated danger of those assaults after COVID-19 restrictions had been relaxed. When restrictions had been lifted, fewer individuals wore face coverings and there was extra social mixing, and subsequently a better danger of COVID-19 and different acute respiratory infections. The analysis additionally discovered that COVID-19 was not considerably extra prone to set off bronchial asthma assaults than different respiratory infections.

In April 2021, when authorities started to loosen up social mixing restrictions and the necessity for face coverings, 1.7 p.c of contributors reported having had a extreme bronchial asthma assault within the earlier month. In January 2022, this proportion greater than doubled, going as much as 3.7 p.c.

The research analyzed information from 2,312 UK adults with bronchial asthma, collaborating in Queen Mary’s COVIDENCE UK research between November 2020 and April 2022. Particulars on face overlaying use, social mixing, and bronchial asthma signs had been collected through month-to-month on-line questionnaires.

Professor Adrian Martineau, lead writer of the analysis and Scientific Professor of Respiratory An infection and Immunity at Queen Mary College of London, mentioned, “This analysis reveals that rest of COVID-19 restrictions coincided with an elevated danger of extreme bronchial asthma assaults. Our research was observational, so it will possibly’t show trigger and impact. However our findings do increase the likelihood that sure parts of the general public well being measures launched in the course of the pandemic—akin to carrying face masks—might assist in lowering respiratory diseases transferring ahead.”

Dr. Florence Tydeman, first writer on the paper, added, “It’s also reassuring to see that COVID-19 was not considerably extra prone to set off bronchial asthma assaults than different respiratory infections in our research contributors.”

The research is the primary to check the affect of COVID-19 to that of different respiratory infections on the danger of bronchial asthma exacerbations. It’s also one in every of few research that appears on the impression on individuals with bronchial asthma of lifting nationwide restrictions.

Extra info:
Rebound in bronchial asthma exacerbations following rest of COVID-19 restrictions: a longitudinal population-based research (COVIDENCE UK) Tydeman et al. Thorax (2022).

Supplied by
Queen Mary, College of London

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Examine finds that danger of extreme bronchial asthma assaults doubled in UK after COVID-19 restrictions had been lifted (2022, November 24)
retrieved 24 November 2022
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